Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Income Taxes

Income Taxes
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2022
Income Taxes  
Income Taxes

8.Income Taxes

Our predecessor, Solaris LLC, is a Delaware limited liability company treated as a partnership for federal income tax purposes and, therefore, has not been subject to U.S. federal income tax at an entity level. As a result, the consolidated net (loss) income in our historical financial statements does not reflect the tax (benefit) expense we would have incurred if we were subject to U.S. federal income tax at an entity level during periods prior to the IPO. Solaris LLC continues to be treated as a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes and, as such, is not subject to U.S. federal income tax. Instead, taxable income is allocated to members, including Aris Inc., and except for Texas franchise tax, any taxable income of Solaris LLC is reported in the respective tax returns of its members.

Income Tax Benefit

We recorded an income tax benefit of $0.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022, substantially all of which was deferred.

Effective Tax Rate

We record our income tax (benefit) expense using an estimated annual effective tax rate (“ETR”) and recognize specific events discretely as they occur. The ETR for the three months ended March 31, 2022 was 11%. The difference between the federal statutory rate and our estimated annual ETR is due primarily to the impact of the noncontrolling interest.

Deferred Tax Assets

We regularly evaluate the realizable tax benefits of deferred tax assets and record a valuation allowance, if required, based on an estimate of the amount of deferred tax assets that we believe does not meet the more-likely-than-not criteria of being realized. The balance of our deferred income tax assets, net increased $2.5 million during the first three months of 2022.

Tax Examinations

Solaris LLC files income tax returns in the U.S. federal jurisdiction and various states. There are currently no federal or state income tax examinations underway for these jurisdictions. We are no longer subject to tax examinations for tax years prior to 2018 for federal income taxes and prior to 2017 for state income taxes.