|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2022
Our predecessor, Solaris LLC, is a Delaware limited liability company treated as a partnership for federal income tax purposes and, therefore, has not been subject to U.S. federal income tax at an entity level. As a result, the consolidated net (loss) income in our historical financial statements does not reflect the tax (benefit) expense we would have incurred if we were subject to U.S. federal income tax at an entity level during periods prior to the IPO. Solaris LLC continues to be treated as a partnership for U.S. federal income tax purposes and, as such, is not subject to U.S. federal income tax. Instead, taxable income is allocated to
members, including Aris Inc., and except for Texas franchise tax, any taxable income of Solaris LLC is reported in the respective tax returns of its members.
Income Tax Expense (Benefit)
We recorded income tax expense (benefit) of $0.3 million and $(0.1) million for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022, respectively, substantially all of which was deferred.
Effective Tax Rate
We record our income tax (benefit) expense using an estimated annual effective tax rate (“ETR”) and recognize specific events discretely as they occur. The ETR for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 was 11%. The difference between the federal statutory rate and our estimated annual ETR is due primarily to the impact of the noncontrolling interest.
Deferred Tax Assets
We regularly evaluate the realizable tax benefits of deferred tax assets and record a valuation allowance, if required, based on an estimate of the amount of deferred tax assets that we believe does not meet the more-likely-than-not criteria of being realized. The balance of our deferred income tax assets, net increased $4.4 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2022.
Solaris LLC files income tax returns in the U.S. federal jurisdiction and various states. There are currently no federal or state income tax examinations underway for these jurisdictions. We are no longer subject to tax examinations for tax years prior to 2018 for federal income taxes and prior to 2017 for state income taxes.
The entire disclosure for income taxes. Disclosures may include net deferred tax liability or asset recognized in an enterprise's statement of financial position, net change during the year in the total valuation allowance, approximate tax effect of each type of temporary difference and carryforward that gives rise to a significant portion of deferred tax liabilities and deferred tax assets, utilization of a tax carryback, and tax uncertainties information.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/disclosureRef